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Flash floods
Thunder & Lightning Safety

Flash Floods

Floods and flash floods can occur rapidly with little advance warning, usually as a result of intense rainfall over a short period of time. What you can do to avoid being caught in a flood:

  • Watch for rising water and prepare to move to higher ground.
  • Avoid low-lying areas and washes.
  • Observe safety barriers near flood water. Many cars and trucks are swept away by rising water when drivers go around a barricade.
  • Do not try to drive through a submerged road – it is often too difficult to tell how deep the water is.
  • If your vehicle stalls in flood waters, act quickly. Leave the vehicle immediately and move to higher ground. Most cars and light trucks will begin to float in as little as two feet of water.
  • Once the water gets deeper, the doors may be impossible to open.
  • Keep children from playing in or near drains or culverts.
  • Camp away from streams subject to flash floods.
  • Follow all flood evacuation warnings.
  • Never try to outrun a flash flood on foot.

During The Flood

  • Avoid areas of subject to sudden flooding.
  • If you come upon a flowing stream where water is above your ankles, STOP! Turn around and go another way. Do not attempt to drive over a flooded road. the depth of water is not always obvious.
  • The road bed may be washed out under the water, and you could be stranded or trapped.
  • Children should never play around high water, storm drains, viaducts, or arroyos.

After The Flood

  • If fresh food has come in contact with flood waters, throw it out.
  • Boil drinking water before using.
  • Wells should be pumped out and the water tested for purity before drinking. If in doubt, call your local public health authority.
  • Seek necessary medical care at the nearest hospital.
  • Food, clothing, shelter, and first aid are available from the Red Cross.
  • Do not visit disaster areas. Your presence might hamper rescue and other emergency operations.
  • Electrical equipment should be checked and tried before being returned to service.
  • Use flashlights, not lanterns, torches or matches, to examine buildings. Flammables may be inside. Report broken utility lines to appropriate authorities.

** Remember, the best way to prevent floods in the Philippines is to stop polluting! Practice proper disposal of garbage. Avoid throwing trash in the streets and canals. These cause the canals to clog up, resulting into floods!

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Thunder & Lightening Safety

When you hear thunder, lightning is within striking distance.

  • Get inside a building or an automobile (not a convertible).
  • Close car windows.
  • Use the telephone only in an emergency.
  • Stay away from windows, doors, stoves, sinks, and showers.


  • Do not stand under a natural lightning rod such as a large tree.
  • Do not project above the landscape such as standing in an open field.
  • Get out of and away from open water.
  • Get away from motorcycles, golf carts bicycles & metal fences.
  • Stay away from anything metal that could conduct electricity.
  • Put down golf clubs.
  • In open areas, go to a low place such as a ravine or valley.
  • If you are hopelessly isolated outdoors and your hair begins to stand on end, lightning is about to strike. Drop to your knees and bend forward. Put your hands on your knees, but do not lie flat on the ground - only your feet and knees should touch the ground.

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Hurricane Safety

Enter the season prepared. Inventory boards, tools, batteries, nonperishable foods, and other emergency equipment. When your area receives a hurricane warning:

  • Leave low-lying areas.
  • Moore your boat securely or evacuate it.
  • Protect your windows with boards, shutters, or tape.
  • Secure outdoor objects or bring them indoors.
  • Fuel your car.
  • Save several days' water supply.
  • Stay at home if it is sturdy and on high ground.
  • Leave mobile homes for more substantial shelter.
  • Stay indoors during the hurricane.
  • Listen to local officials
  • Check supplies of special medicines and drugs
  • Check radio and flashlight batteries
  • Secure lawn furniture and other loose material outdoors
  • Tape, board, or shutter windows to prevent shattering
  • Wedge sliding glass doors to prevent lifting from their tracks
  • Move valuables to upper floors
  • Bring in pets

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When the temperature goes up and the humidity is high, we feel uncomfortable. Everyone is affected differently, and people used to high heat and humidity will not be as uncomfortable as those not used to this type of weather. The elderly and very young are most susceptible to hear stress. By using this chart, you can get a general idea of how hot the temperature may feel to you.

Subtract 2° from the heat index temperature if the wind speed is 11-15 mph and 4° if the wind is between 16 and 20 mph. Blank boxes represent weather conditions that are highly unlikely, if not impossible.

You can protect yourself from heat stress or heat stroke by following some simple rules in hot, humid weather:

  • Dress for comfort but protect yourself from the sun.
  • Light-colored clothing is best.
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration even if you are not particularly thirsty.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Carbonated drinks are not recommended.
  • Water is best.
  • Get out of the sun if you feel dizzy and stop sweating.
  • Put a cold, moist towel around your neck.
  • If these symptoms persist, seek medical attention immediately.

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